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Furniture Materials You Need to Know

One of the most important aspects that must be considered when making an interior is the furniture material used. Furniture materials have a significant influence on appearance, durability, and sustainability. With a variety of materials from natural materials such as wood to artificial materials. Each material has different characteristics, capabilities, and advantages that make it ideal for various purposes.

Understanding the advantages and disadvantages of various available furniture materials can help you make informed design decisions according to your ideas and budget.

In this article, you will see some furniture materials that you should know about before making over your home, as well as how they can be combined to create a beautiful and functional room.

There are many materials that can be used for interior furniture, each with its own unique properties and characteristics. Some of the most common furniture materials include:

Infografis tentang beberapa material yang biasa digunakan dalam interior design/desain interior
Infographic by Homprep

Solid Wood

Penggunaan solid wood atau kayu asli sebagai material furniture dalam interior design
Image by designboom Magazine

Solid wood or real wood has sturdy and strong characteristics, making it a raw material for furniture, the right choice for furniture that is intended to last for years. Solid wood material can also withstand long periods of use and is durable from wear and tear. This is why solid wood is often used in a variety of interior design applications ranging from furniture to wall and floor cladding. This furniture material can be stained, painted, or left natural, giving you unlimited creative options.

The natural, “warm” appearance of solid wood can enhance the character and appeal of any room. It comes in a variety of colors, patterns, and textures, allowing you to create unique and personalized wood grain patterns. Because solid wood is a natural and renewable resource, using real wood is an environmentally friendly interior design choice.

Advantages of Solid Wood as a furniture material:

  • Sturdy and strong

  • Durable and long lasting

  • Water resistant enoughHas a special color and texture

Can be used for: Walls, flooring, tables, chairs, cupboards

Particle Board

Penggunaan particle wood sebagai material furniture dalam interior design
Image by Archdaily

Particle board is a type of processed wood material made from wood chips, sawdust and other wood waste glued together with resin. This furniture material is a more affordable alternative to solid wood. Even though it is a material that is easy to drill to suit your needs, the surface of particle board is susceptible to damage.

Because of this, particle board is often coated with laminate or veneer to increase its durability and appearance. Plus, particle board can be made to be water and termite resistant with proper care.

Advantages of Particle Board as a furniture material:

  • Affordable

  • Light

  • Easy to clean, cut and paint

  • Soundproof enough

Can be used for: cupboards, doors, wall panels, kitchen set


Blockboard is a type of processed wood furniture material made from layers of solid wood that are glued together to form panels. This material is stronger and more stable than solid wood and is often used in furniture and cabinets where larger pieces are required.

Blockboard also undergoes a drying process to maintain and improve quality and durability. This material is often used as furniture material which usually uses soft wood such as bookshelves.

Advantages of Particle Board as a furniture material:

  • Stronger and more stable than other processed wood

  • Light

  • High resilience

  • Solid and not easily brittle

Can be used for: table, bedroom, cupboards, kitchen set


Penggunaan plywood  sebagai material furniture dalam interior design
Image by Dezeen

During the manufacturing process, layers of plywood are glued together under great pressure. This "plying" method (hence the term "plywood") produces furniture material that is very stable, durable, stiff, and almost unable to bend even when pressed by heavy loads.

Because the texture of the wood layer is denser, this furniture material has more strength and is more water resistant. Multiplex is commonly used as a furniture material and can last up to 10 years with proper care because it is not easily damaged.

Advantages of Multiplex/Plywood as furniture material:

  • Flexible

  • Durable

  • Water resistance

  • Sturdy and solid

Can be used for : Walls, doors, dressers, cupboard linings and kitchen sets

Medium-Density Fiberboard (MDF) & High-Density Fiberboard (HDF)

Penggunaan MDF sebagai material furniture dalam interior design
Image by Dezeen

This furniture material is a material made from recycled pieces from cutting solid wood - fiber and resin which are attached with glue. MDF is denser than plywood in terms of consistency. The size of the board, its density, the type of glue used, and of course the type of fiber used determine the quality of this processed wood.

Apart from being more affordable and easy to get in stock, this furniture material does not bend or break easily but is still easy to paint. MDF is very suitable for use as cupboard or cabinet material.

Advantages of MDF as a furniture material:

  • Solid and has a smooth and even surface

  • More flexible and easy to shape

  • Stronger than particle board

  • Soundproof enough

Can be used for: Tables, chairs, cupboards, shelves, drawers, soundproofing


These furniture materials can be used alone or combined with others to create a customized aesthetic for each room. Regardless of the material used, it is important to evaluate the long-term impact of the material on the environment and user comfort.

Do you want your residence to be more comfortable for daily activities? We have a ton of ideas and solutions to help you improve the quality of comfort at home. You can choose various designs using various furniture materials on our website and you can always consult about your project for free!

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